Tuesday, 16 August 2016

UPSC MAINS ANALYSIS 2015


I am providing u all links of vedios for better understanding the analysis paper wise...

Gs paper 1 


Gs paper 2


Gs paper 3


Gs paper 4 part (1)


Gs paper 4 part (2)


Cut off marks for prelims 2016

UPSC Civil Services 2016 Cutoff – UPSC Cut off score is the lowest score that candidates must obtain to qualify the different stages of civil services examination - preliminary, mains and interview. The examination authority Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) releases overall as well as category wise UPSC Civil Services cutoff 2016 after the completion of entrance exam. Besides, various coaching institutes like Career Launcher, Chanakya IAS Academy, Rau’s IAS Circle, Sriram’s IAS Academy etc. also releases UPSC Civil Services 2016 cut off score based on the analysis of question paper. Candidates who have appeared in preliminary exam August 7, 2016 can check the expected UPSC Civil Services cut off 2016 from this page.Also, candidates can check official upsc 2015 results. 
UPSC Civil Services 2016 cut off score for Prelims:UPSC cut off score differs every year as it based on the parameters like difficulty level of the entrance exam, number appeared candidates, number of vacancies etc. UPSC civil services preliminary is meant for screening only. The number of candidates to be admitted to the mains examination will be about 13 to 13 times the total approximate vacancies to be filed in the year through UPSC civil services preliminary examination. Only those candidates who are declared by the commission to have qualified the preliminary examination in the year will be eligible for admission to the main examinations.  

The commission will declare list of candidates to be qualified for UPSC civil services 2016 mains examination based on the criteria of minimum marks 33% in general studies paper II of civil services (preliminary) examination. The total qualifying marks of general study paper 1 of civil services (Preliminary examination) as may be determined by the commission.
Expected cut off score for UPSC Civil Services 2016 Prelims: The expected cut off score of UPSC civil services 2016 preliminary exam has been released by various coaching institutes. Candidates can check category wise as well as overall expected cut off score from the table given below:

UPSC Civil Services Expected Cut off 2016 for Prelims:
Coaching Institutes
General
OBC
SC
ST
Career Launcher
110 (+ or - 3)
105 (+ or - 3)
100 (+ or - 3)
95 (+ or - 3)
Sri Ram IAS
110
 107
Chanakya Academy

Chaitanya Academy
 109

112
 105

107
UPSC Civil Services 2016 cut off score for Mains:Candidates who obtain minimum qualifying marks in the written part of the mains examination fixed by the commission at their discretion shall be summoned by them for an interview for personality test. The number of candidates summoned for interview will be about twice the number of vacancies to be filled. The interview will carry 275 marks (with no minimum qualifying marks). Marks obtained by candidates in the UPSC civil services 2016 mains examination (written part as well as interview) would determine final ranking of candidates. The allotment of various services and administrative post will be done strictly as per the ranks of candidates and preferences selected by them. 

UPSC Civil Services 2016 Cutoff Modalities:

Complete information regarding the cutoff of UPSC Civil Services 2016 have been provided below for the benefit of the aspirants –
  • UPSC Civil Services cut off 2016 is the minimum required marks, which aspirants have to secure to qualify the exam.
  • The UPSC declares the cutoff of Civil Services 2016 in form of marks after the release of final rank list.
  • The cutoff marks for Prelims, Mains and Final rounds will be announced tentatively in the month of May 2017, after the final result of UPSC gets declared.
  • Preliminary exam cutoff is the basis of eligibility criteria for Civil Services Mains 2016 and only those candidates, who qualify the Prelims, can apply for the Main exam.
UPSC Civil Services Cutoff Marks - Candidates can check below the last year Civil Services cutoff marks for Prelims, Mains and Final exam:

UPSC Civil Services Cut off Marks
Category
CS Prelims
CS Mains
CS Final
General
107.34
676
877
OBC
106
630
834
SC
94
622
810
ST
91.34
617
801
PH‐1
90.66
580
802
PH‐2
76.66
627
830
PH‐3
40
504
697
UPSC Civil Services Cutoff TrendAspirants can check below the prelims, mains and final cutoff trend of the UPSC civil services exam over the last three years for all category candidates.
Category
UPSC Civil Service Cut off Marks 2015
UPSC Civil Service Cut off Marks 2014
UPSC Civil Service Cut off Marks 2013
CS Prelims
CS Mains
CS Final
CS Prelims
CS Mains
CS Final
CS Prelims
CS Mains
CS Final
General
107.34 
676
877
205
678
889
241
564
775
OBC
106
630
834
204
631
844
222
534
742
SC
94
622
810
182
631
830
207
518
719
ST
91.34
617
801
174
619
811
201
510
707
Maximum Marks
200
1750
2025
385
1750
2025
400
1750

Wednesday, 6 August 2014

how to prepare for prelims CSAT

How To Prepare For Prelims (CSAT)

The Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) includes two objective type question papers of two hundred marks and two hours time duration for each paper. One is on General Studies and the other is General Aptitude Paper( which has now replaced the optional subject that was there earlier). With the Civil Service exam having very limited seats it's a very difficult exam to crack. Many students appear multiple times to clear it.
Changes in formats of question papers always tend to create a lot of mental discomfort in students. Many students are fearful of subjects like mathematics. This fear may be baseless considering the changes lay greater emphasis on the "aptitude" which mainly involves reasoning skills and not just mathematics.
The civil services examination is basically a test to choose suitable administrators. It tests the candidate right from the stage when one starts the preparation. One common misconception about the prelims is that it is a test of facts and figures. That was never so and specially now. A candidate should have the right frame of mind and the will power to succeed in the exam. A proper action plan is needed for the preparation itself since he /she will be tested for some essential qualities like power of retention, clarity of concepts, ability to identify the correct alternatives with efficiency and accuracy. All this requires a quick decision making power.
With the new pattern, more stress is on language skills and analysis and decision making capacities, so work on these on a consistent basis as these are skills that are developed over years and not just in a few months. It would be advised to start focusing on your problem solving and language skills as soon as you decide to take these exams.

Paper 1 is on General Studies

This includes areas like
  1. Indian National Movement, Indian Polity, Basic Economic Understanding, Geography
  2. While the dynamic part includes current affairs, GK and has no proper definition and syllabus making quite vast.
Paper 2 includes mathematics, reasoning, analytical ability, and interpersonal skills. Unlike paper 1 which has a static part, paper 2 is dynamic in many sense.
Unlike paper 1 where quantity of questions is a major determinant for the static section, paper 2 cannot be tamed without solving dynamic questions, that requires on the spot mental ability.
Since the preliminary exam in particular is a test of endurance, candidate must prepare on the physical as well as mental level. The main constraint is the time one gets to answer the questions. On an average one gets around 40 seconds for each question.
One sure way of dealing with this stress is to take a few deep breaths. Meditation and Yoga also help in dealing with stress to a great extent.
The prelims exam since is a multiple choice question test, it needs a different preparation and a proper strategy. The first thing a candidate needs to bear in mind is that the examination is designed to evaluate certain qualities like a sharp memory and basic retention power. There are ways to increase one's memory like preparing charts. One gets confused when faced with mind boggling facts and figures. Important facts and figures can be simplified and represented on charts and they can arranged in the form of tables or graphs. Another thing to remember is to make short and brief notes on each topic so that the entire syllabus can be revised a few days before the exam.
It is better to use diagrams and link words which make it easier to understand difficult concepts. One more technique to help in retaining information is the use of abbreviations. Since the syllabus involves exhaustive information abbreviations help you to remember it better. It is a good method to remember dates, facts and figures in a picture format and to break up complex names and places into smaller and simpler words. The last and the most important technique is to do regular revision. This helps in retaining the maximum information. A separate time slot should be given to doing not only regular but multiple revisions like daily, weekly, monthly etc.
Many candidates make a mistake of overloading themselves with lots of information and end up remembering nothing. One should be able to differentiate between relevant and irrelevant information. Since the preliminary exam is an elimination round the candidate should also learn to focus only on the information needed and filter out the rest. It helps to discuss with friends and teachers but the most reliable way is to solve past years question papers. One should also keep abreast with current events and information related to them.
An important thing to remember is that for this exam it is not just enough to remember information but to understand the concepts as well. Instead of memorizing facts and figures, conceptual clarity in needed. The questions asked are of 10+2 level. Therefore emphasis has to be on conceptual clarity. Any concept has to be understood with its origin, merits and de-merits, then it needs to be analyzed with other relevant topics and lastly it has to be correlated with the events that have taken place during the year.
The preliminary exam requires candidates who have the acumen and the ability to choose the right option from four given options. This needs a proper method of elimination. It is a good idea to go through previous years and model question papers and solve as many of them as possible. Taking a mock test of a certain number of G.S. questions and mathematics and general ability questions would be a good practice work and help to pick out the most appropriate option.
Each prelims paper is for two hours but a lot of time is wasted in signing attendance sheets etc, therefore there is a lot of need for effective Time Management is needed for the actual exam. It is not enough to know the right answer but it has to be marked correctly on the answer sheet. Speed and Accuracy are important, so solving model question papers on a regular basis would be a great help.
A good presence of mind is needed to eliminate the least appropriate options and arrive at the right one. However beware of negative marking so it is better to mark only sure shot answers than making guesses.
Throughout the preparation for the prelims exam, it is important to remember that any topic or concept should not be studied in isolation. It is better to understand and establish a correlation between related concepts from other subjects and current events and happenings.
Even with all this preparation, it is necessary to have a positive attitude and a great amount of will power to succeed to achieve your goal that of getting through the civil services examination with flying colors!

Monday, 7 July 2014

DRAIN THEORY OF WEALTH BY DADABHAI NAOROJI

DADABHAI NAROJI:-He was the first Asian to be a British MP and the first Indian to become a Professor at Elphinstone Institution in 1850. The ‘Grand Old Man of India’ and the ‘Father of Indian Nationalism’ are the epithets to explain the personality of this great man who was an educator, cotton trader and social leader. He is none other than Dadabhai Naoroji, who was born on 4th September 1825 at Khadak in Mumbai.
He was a Member of Parliament (MP) in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1892 and 1895. Dadabhai Naoroji played a crucial role in founding the Indian National Congress along with two other famous politicians of that time i.e. A.O. Hume and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha. Dadabhai Naoroji’s concept of wealth drain from India during British rule got huge attention. He mentioned the same concept in his book Poverty and Un BRITISH Rule in-INDIA
After completing his schooling, Dadabhai Naoroji finished his Masters degree in Mathematics and worked as a professor in the same subject. He achieved many honors during his academic career and after completing his education from the Elphinstone Institution, he became a partner of the first Indian commercial company founded in Britain. So, he went to England for managing Cama and Co. While staying in England, he was very keen in exposing the wretchedness in India and what Indians were going through during British rule.  In 1866, he established the East India Association in England. This was a platform to put forward the grievances of Indians in Britain. To promote this further, branches of the association were also established in different parts of India.
THEORY  OF DRAIN OF WEALTH
Dadabhai Naoroji was the first man to say that internal factors were not the reasons of poverty in India but poverty was caused by the colonial rule that was draining the wealth and prosperity of India. In 1867, Dadabhai Naoroji put forward the ‘drain of wealth’ theory in which he stated that the Britain was completely draining India. He mentioned this theory in his book Poverty and Un-British Rule in India. Further in his book , he stated the loss of 200-300 million pounds of revenue to Britain. Dadabhai Naoroji considered it as a major evil of British in India. On the footsteps of Dadabhai Naoroji, R. C. Dutt also promoted the same theory by keeping it as a major theme of his book Economic History in India. The drain of wealth was the portion of India’s wealth and economy that was not available to Indians for consumption

    Dadabhai Naoroji gave six factors that caused external drain. These are:
    • External rule and administration in India.
    • Funds and labour needed for economic development was brought in by immigrants but India did not draw immigrants.
    • All the civil administration and army expenses of Britain were paid by India.
    • India was bearing the burden of territory building both inside and outside India.
    • India was further exploited by opening the country to free trade.
    • Major earners in India during British rule were foreigners. The money they earned was never invested in India to buy anything. Moreover they left India with that money.
    Not only this, but through different services such as r
    ailways, India was giving a huge amount to Britain. On the other hand, trade as well as Indian labour was deeply undervalued. Along with this, the East India Company was buying products from India with Indian money and exporting it to Britain.
    Dadabhai Naoroji was respected both in Britain as well as India for his loyalty towards British and services for Indians. For this reason, he was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress, not once or twice but for three times i.e. in 1886, 1893 and 1906.
    Dadabhai Naoroji was a greater supporter of free education especially to women and children in India as his mother had to struggle a lot to provide the same to him. He was very keen in providing education and making it free. He also wanted to uplift the condition of women in India. For this, he laid the foundation of Jyan Prasarak Mandal, the only girls’ high school in Bombay (present day Mumbai).
    His contribution to politics were also immense. He was the founder of Bombay Association and established it in 1852. Further, the London Indian Society was established by him along with N.C. Banarjee for the betterment of relationships between Indian and Englishmen. His entire life was dedicated to the cause and betterment of India. Dadabhai Naoroji died in 1917 at the age of 92.


    REFERENCE BOOKS FOR HISTORY OPTIONAL

    1. IGNU OR ANY OPEN UNIVERSITY POST GRADUATION MATERIAL FOR HISTORY

    2.RS SHARMA- SOCIOECONOMIC HISTORY OF INDIA

    3.R.S SHARMA- ANCIENT INDIA NCRT PUBLICATIONS

    4.D.N. JHAN - AN INTRODUCTION TO ANCIENT INDIA

    5.MEDIVAL INDIA BY JL MEHATA

    6.MEDIVAL INDIA 2 VOLUMES BY SATISH CHANDRA

    7.MODERN INDIA BY BIPIN CHANDRA PAL - RISE AND GROWTH OF COLONIALISM AND NATIONALISM.

    8.AR DESAI- SOCIAL BANK OF INDIAN NATIONS

    9. SUMIT SARKAR MODERN INDIA.

    10. JAIN AND MATHUR - WORLD HISTORY

    11.NORMAN LOWE- UNDERSTANDING HISTORY

    12.L. MUKARJEE- 2 VOLUMES

    ALL THE BOOKS ABOVE MENTIONED ARE SUGGESTED BY 30 YEARS EXPERIENCED LECTURER.. AND NO ONE CAN READ ALL THE BOOKS FOR SCORING ONLY IN OPTIONAL.. SO JUST READ FOR REFERENCE ONLY FOR PARTICULAR TOPICS WHICH ARE FREQUENTLY ASKED BY UPSC.. ALL THE BEST GUYS. 

    Wednesday, 28 August 2013

    HOW TO PREPARE CIVILS MAINS

    How To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Mains Paper-II (GS-1)

    UPSC has brought changes to the Civil Services Mains examination in both the pattern and the syllabus. We know that now there are 4 General Studies Papersapart from one Essay and Optional paper each.
    This article discusses preparation strategy for General Studies -1 (i.e Paper-II, Paper-I is Essay)
    Before you start reading further, please remember the following importantmantra given by the  Almighty UPSC:
    The questions are likely to test the candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio‐ economic goals, objectives and demands. The candidates must give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers.” 
    This sentence is the guiding light for your preparation. You don’t have to master the topics, all you need is BASIC UNDERSTANDING and the ability to analyze.
    Basic understanding comes from reading and re-reading. Ability to analyze what you have understood from reading comes from WRITING PRACTICE.
    how to prepare for upsc civil services mains new pattern, upsc new pattern and new syllabus, strategy for IAS main examination, UPSC

    STRATEGY
    GS-1 broadly covers - Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.
    Under this heading  total 12 topics and around 40 sub-topics are given in the syllabus.
    Two important things fundamental to your exam preparation:
    • Get familiar with all the topics and sub-topics by writing them many times – they should be  strongly etched in your memory.
    • Keep a copy of the syllabus always near you no matter where you are.
    Now, how to deal with GS-1?
    Assuming you are now familiar with the syllabus of GS-1, we will discuss a topic by topic what to read, from where to read and what not to read for these topics.
    TOPIC-1
    Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
    In this topic, the sub-topics are  - Art forms, Literature, Architecture – from ancient to modern times. Before jumping into Big Books, first go through these beautiful books by NCERT – to get a glimpse of the sub-topics – they are
    1. NCERT Class VI – History – Our Past
    2. NCERT Class VII – Our Past -I
    3. NCERT  Class VIII – Our Past II and III
    4. NCERT Class XII – Themes In Indian History I
    5. NCERT Class-XII – Themes in Indian History – II
    6. NCERT Class XII – Themes In Indian History III
    Hold on. Four books for one topic? No. You have to read only a few chapters from each book that are related to Sub-Topics. For ex, you have to read only Chapters 2 and 3 from Class-XII -Themes In Indian History-II book.
    Apart from these you should have a reference book for getting more information:
    1. Facets of Indian Culture or
    2. Indian Art and Culture
    3. Download Free Material – Complete Set
    4. Graphic Book On Indian Art and Culture – Free Download
    TOPIC-2
    Read this book: Comprehensive History Of Modern India – Spectrum (It covers topics from the Advent of British to India’s Independence – so covers this part of the syllabus completely)
    TOPIC-3
    [The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.]
    Because this topic demands specific knowledge of Freedom Struggle and its various facets, you must, along with the above mentioned book, read Bipan Chandra’s Struggle For India’s Independence.
    TOPIC – 4
    For this you need to study Chapter 6 to 12 of India Since Independence – Bipan Chandra
    0r Chapters 8 to 14 from India After Gandhi: The History Of The World’s Largest Democracy (above mentioned chapters cover completely this part of the syllabus)
    TOPIC-5
    [History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars,redrawal of national boundaries,colonization,decolonization, political philosophies like communismcapitalism,socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.]
    Except for Industrial revolution, Mastering Modern World History by Norman Lowe (Buy From Amazon India))covers all topics of this part of the syllabus – it is a very good book. Stick to only this book. Refer above links for a glimpse of those sub-topics in Wikipedia, but don’t dwell deeply on them. (A 30 % discount from Flipkart, or Or This IMPORTED copy provided you are rich- Rs 1700/ – this classic book contains insightful chapters on the 2008 Financial Crisis, and even Arab Spring and its aftermath!)
    TOPIC-6
    [Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.]
    About salient features of Indian Society – don’t look anywhere else – Just read this NCERT – Indian Society Class 12 (Complete book without watermarks)
    TOPIC-7
    Other sub-topics are general in nature and can be found in Magazines and Newspapers. If one is thorough with current events questions on these sub-topics can be answered very well by consolidating their knowledge.
    TOPIC-8
    [Effects of Globalization on Indian society]
    This is also general in nature. If you have a basic understanding of Indian Society and Globalization, their mutual relation can be elucidated with ease. Here is a good article from a Marxist politician about the topic. (UPSC people love the slightly leftist version of everything)
    If you want to learn the impact of Globalization on Indian Economy, here is a book. (Purely optional)
    TOPIC-9
    This is again generic. But you must know the basic concept of communalism, regionalism and secularism. Wikipedia comes handy here.
    TOPIC-10
    [Salient features of world’s physical geography.
    To cover this part two books are necessary:
    2. NCERT Class-XI - Fundamentals of Physical Geography
    TOPIC-11
    [Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)]
    TOPIC-12
    [Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakesTsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.]
    This is a repetition actually. You can read Physical Geography book by Goh Cheng Leong which is mentioned above (Certificate Physical and Human Geography 1st Edition)
    Until now we saw what books to read. Now the question is how to remember most of the things we read and how to translate them into better answers.
    • A common mistake most of the aspirants commit is reading so many books for a single topic.This mistake costs both your time and ability to remember things clearly and concisely.
    • Stick to a single source and read it again and again. Remember The Same Source. Avoid the temptation of doing ‘Research’ on a topic.
    • Always Remember – UPSC tests Basic Understanding. Not mastery over a topic.
    • Make short notes on each topic. It is while making notes that readers tend to do RESEARCH and scout various sources. Stick to one book even if you are not 100% satisfied with it.
    • Remember that old saying? – Jack of all trades, master of NONE. If you try to do Research, most probably your name won’t appear in the Final List. I guarantee it.
    • For Paper-II (i.e GS-1) being thorough with Current Events plays a crucial role in enabling you to acquire analytical skills.
    Very Important Part In The Preparation
    • Writing. Writing. Writing.
    • But what? – One must practice answer writing to Previous year questions, or take a Mock Test. Whatever, before you enter examination hall, you must have spent lot of time on answer writing.
    Most Important Part In The Preparation
    • Revision. Revision. Re-Revision.
    • You do this and you appear for the Personality Test.
    • If you don’t Revise what you read all these months – you slightly miss the Personality Test, or You narrowly miss appearing in the Final List.